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Sir Edward Burnett Tylor

Sir Edward Tylor was responsible for forming t...

Sir Edward Tylor was responsible for forming the definition of animism currently accepted in anthropology. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) was an English anthropologist who developed a theory of animism to try to explain the origins of religion. Tylor believed that so-called primitive man developed a belief in spirits existing in nature from the actual experience of sleep, dreams and breathing. Like many researchers who think they know better than the people they are researching, it was probably too much of a stretch for him to take the idea on its own terms.

Generally regarded as the founder of social anthropology, Tylor believed that social systems gradually evolve from the simpler and ruder to the complex and sophisticated. For Tylor, the belief in God is nothing more than a primitive, somewhat outmoded survival mechanism. He also believed that science could explain what were once religious issues.

Related Posts » Comparative Religion


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Trimurti

Closeup of Vishnu, seated in the lotus positio...

Closeup of Vishnu, seated in the lotus position on a lotus. From depiction of the poet Jayadeva bowing to Vishnu, (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Trimurti (Skt. three forms) is a Hindu belief that God has three forms or aspects, as expressed in Brahma, Vishnu and Siva.

The belief ties into the larger cosmological belief that the universe goes through repeated cycles of creation, maintenance and destruction. Hence Brahma is responsible for creation. Vishnu maintains. And Siva destroys (to ultimately transform). The cycle continues…

I have seen this particular trinity equated with the Christian trinity. This seems misguided because the two religions differ in many of their key beliefs, concepts and practices.¹

¹ Also, for me, the experience of their respective numinosities differs quite dramatically. See http://goo.gl/qMq8DT to learn more about how some people view the respective trinities.

 


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Titans

Cronus (Saturn) castrates his father Uranus, t...

Cronus (Saturn) castrates his father Uranus, the Greek sky god (before Zeus) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Titans were the first generation of Greek gods, being the 12 children of the primordial Uranus and Gaia.

Massive and powerful, the Titans were the first to be differentiated from their primordial parents. When the Titans were cast out of heaven, Zeus became the head of a second generation of Greek gods.

Titan is also the name of the planet Saturn‘s largest satellite.

Related Posts » Tyche


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Tapas

Scriptures AS

Scriptures AS (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In Hinduism, tapas is sacred heat or power within the universe. It is a wide-ranging concept, with derivative forms each having special, unique meanings.

According to Walter Kaelber,[11] and others,[15][18][19] in certain translations of ancient Sanskrit documents tapas is interpreted as austerities, penance, asceticism, or mortification; however, this is frequently inadequate because it fails to reflect the context implied, which is of sexual heat or warmth that incubates the birth of life.¹

¹ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tapas_%28Sanskrit%29

Related posts » Evil, Power, Siva

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