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Yoko Ono – An even darker horse than George?

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Yoko Ono (1933 – ) was born into an aristocratic Japanese family and is an artist, activist and musician. She is also the ex-wife of slain Beatle John Lennon.

In a film made before his death Lennon recounts being impressed with one of Ono’s abstract art exhibits. After climbing up a ladder to the top of the installation, he saw the simple printed word “yes.”

Ono is often present in later Beatles recording studio photos, appearing calm and contemplative, almost like she’s the Buddha of the Beatles. But not all the Beatles felt that way.

Unfairly blamed by the press as the main cause of the Beatles‘ breakup, Ono made several albums after Lennon’s untimely death.

Interestingly, Wikipedia tells us that

Julian [Lennon] was left out of his father’s will, and he battled Ono in court for years, settling in 1996 for an unspecified amount which the papers reported was “believed to” be in the area of £20 million, which Julian has denied.¹

Ono and Julian Lennon’s relationship, however, reportedly has improved. And Ono promoted Lennon’s 2010 photo exhibit at her website.

John Lennon apparently once said Ono is “the world’s most famous unknown artist: everybody knows her name, but nobody knows what she does.”² More recently, her art continues to be displayed in major galleries around the world.

¹ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yoko_Ono#Relationship_with_Julian_Lennon

² http://www.theguardian.com/global/2012/jun/08/yoko-ono-retrospective-serpentine-conceptual

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Oedipus

Oedipus

Oedipus: Originally uploaded by litmuse / GR L

According to several ancient Greek writers, Oedipus (Greek Oidipous: “swollen foot”) is the mythical son of Laius and king of Thebes. In trying to avoid a prophecy that Oedipus would kill his father and marry his mother, he unwittingly did so.

The Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud named one of his most important ideas after the tragic story of Oedipus–the Oedipus Complex.

The tale of Oedipus exemplifies the Greek belief in hubris, arguably the Hindu idea of bad karma and generally the Jewish and Christian idea of the generational curse.

J.F. del Giorgio, author of The Oldest Europeans (2006), adds that

It is also a dramatic example of the change of institutions in Greece. In matrilineal tribes, the son of the king was not supposed to succeed him, as that would mean to marry his own mother, as it happened with Oedipus. » Source

On the Web:

Search Think Free » Sita, Theseus

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Oedipus Complex

Oedipus at Colonus by Jean-Antoine-Theodore Giroust 1788 French Oil (5)

Oedipus at Colonus by Jean-Antoine-Theodore Giroust 1788 French Oil (5): Photographed by mharrsch / Mary Harrsch

In Greek myth Oedipus was the king of Thebes who, in trying to avoid a prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother, actually unwittingly did so.

The celebrated Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud named one of his most important ideas after the tragic story of Oedipus.

According to Freudian psychoanalytic theory, an Oedipal complex develops after the male infant becomes fixated to his mother during the Oedipal phase of ego development (ages 3-5).

During this time, the infant develops bizarre beliefs which only a child’s mind could produce. He sees or perhaps hears his father and mother lovemaking (called the “primal scene”) and perceives his father as a threat.

His fear intensifies when seeing the father’s penis, which leads the child to irrationally assume that he, himself, has been castrated. The child then demonizes the father and identifies with his apparently ‘all-good’ mother.

He resolves this potent complex by eventually identifying with the father and the external, worldly demands that the father represents to the child.

If his complex goes unresolved, his choice of – and demands from – lovers and marriage partners in subsequent years reflects lingering unconscious infantile, mother-based expectations, which are unrealistic and not grounded in the reality principle.

Freud believed that this was a natural process.

Current trends in psychoanalysis trace the Oedipus complex to earlier conflicts apparently present in the first few years of psychosexual ego development.

While some say that psychoanalysis is a science, others see it as a joke with little or not empirical support to validate its fanciful claims. Although the spirit of Freud’s approach is still present within psychiatry, especially with the almost unquestioned status of the concept of the “unconscious,” the actual content of many of his ideas has fallen by the wayside.

As such, most countries recognize medical psychiatry as a credible discipline (with legal powers and associated responsibilities) while giving less weight to non-medical psychologists and social workers.¹

¹ In Canada, for instance, psychiatry is covered by national health care whereas non-medical therapies (such as Jungian and other holistic psychological approaches) are not.

Search Think Free » Electra Complex, Melanie Klein, Stages of Psychosexual Development, Totem

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Origen

Origen (185-254) was a Christian scholar and intellectual, thought to be an Egyptian, who tried to synthesize Greek philosophy and Christian belief.

He believed that all souls existed prior to birth, an idea condemned by the Church in the 6th century and repudiated by St. Thomas Aquinas.

Origen may have proposed a type of reincarnation but his surviving texts are too incomplete and fragmentary to be sure.

We do know that he believed in universal salvation–i.e. the idea that all souls are eventually redeemed and admitted to heaven, even the Devil’s.

A fierce ascetic, Origen castrated himself. C. G. Jung says that this self-castration enabled Origen to remain faithful to an extreme type of Gnosticism. But Jung’s claim is debatable because many mystics prize celibacy due to the transformative potential that is allegedly contained in sperm.

If Origen was a mystic in the way that Jung envisioned him, he most likely would not have castrated himself. Celibate Christian, Hindu and Buddhist mystics all seem to agree that there’s a bio-spirit relationship between profound contemplative states and retained semen (i.e. the ‘seed’ of religious scripture that is not to be spilled on the ground or wasted on lustful sex).

Arrested in 250 CE under the persecutions of the Roman Emperor Decius, Origen suffered prolonged and repeated torture before dying two years later from his injuries.

Once deemed an important Church Father, his ideas continue to influence Protestant theologians.

Search Think Free » Anathema, Church Fathers, Excommunication, Universalism

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Object

Freuds ( tipo andy warhol )

Freuds ( tipo andy warhol ): Paulo Marquez

In Freudian theory the object is that which a subject directs energy toward in an attempt to gratify instinctual desires.

Just how a person relates to the object varies according to their psychological maturity.

In Freudian discourse the object usually refers to another person, aspects of a person, or a full or partial symbolic representation of a person.

When an object refers to another complete person replete with human rights and dignity, the object is a whole object.

Search Think Free » Cathexis, Fixation, Projection, Repression, Splitting, Stages of Psychosexual Development

References:

  • Charles Rycroft, A Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis, Harmondsworth: Penguin 1977, p. 100.

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Ontological Argument

Canterbury Cathedral Anselm Chapel_005

Canterbury Cathedral Anselm Chapel_005: Friar's Balsam / Christopher John SSF

The ontological argument is a theological position that apparently proves God’s existence. St. Anselm of Canterbury devised the argument, which was later taken up by the French philosopher, René Descartes.

St. Anselm describes God in his Proslogion II as “aliquid quo nihil majus cogitari possit” (that than which nothing greater can be conceived). And he says that such a being cannot merely exist in the “imagination” or “understanding” but must also exist.¹

For Anselm, the very greatest conceivable being must also exist in reality and not just in the mind. Therefore, so the argument goes, God is the greatest conceivable being which by necessity exists.

St. Thomas Aquinas rejected this argument on purely rational grounds, although he did believe in God.

Descartes presented a similar argument to that of Anselm’s, beginning with a method of doubt. After coming to the conclusion, “Je pense, donc je suis” (I think, therefore I am), his next question, similar to that of solipsism, was: “how do I know that the outside world truly exists?”

He was not the first to look at things this way. Thomas Leahey notes that

St. Augustine [354–430 CE] had said, “If I am deceived, I exist,” and Parmenides [515-445 BCE] had said, “For it is the same thing to think and to be.”¹

Descartes’ answer to the problem of whether or not the outside world really exists (with truth limited to inner experience) involved God. For Descartes, God exists by necessity. God must exist in order to be perfect. A perfect God also by necessity is Good. And a God that is Good would not deceive his creatures into believing in an outside world if no such thing existed.

Descartes, then, reasoned that an infinite being must exist. Moreover, he believed that this idea must have come from beyond himself.²

¹ See argument at http://mally.stanford.edu/cm/ontological-argument/barnes-translation.html

² See explanation of the argument at http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/descartes-god.html

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Obsession

Feeding an obsession

Feeding an obsession: HydrogenPops / Hirni Pathak

In psychoanalytic terms obsession this is a neurosis where one dwells on an issue or another person to an unhealthy and potentially destructive degree.

Obsessive thinking is often accompanied with compulsive behavior—for example, an internet stalker.

Psychologists see obsessive thought and compulsive behavior as flawed mechanisms where a person tries to avoid unconscious feelings of pain, guilt or inadequacy.

A classic literary example of obsession is found in Shakespeare’s character Lady Macbeth, whose repeated hand washing bespeaks a crime and her feelings of guilt and defilement from it.

In Catholic theology, the term obsession refers to a person who is unduly influenced or harassed by evil spiritual powers or beings. By way of contrast, the term possession suggests that a person loses control over the body – but not the soul – as the devil appears to control them.

Psychological and theological perspectives on obsession arguably could be combined to their mutual advantage. For instance, an unresolved psychological complex could be a weak spot for demonic influences to develop or exacerbate physiological conditions and behavioral patterns related to obsessive-compulsive behavior.

Put simply, evil might like to prey on psychological vulnerabilities.

» Mental Illness, Occam’s Razor, Shaman, Shamanism, Spiritual Attack, Tramp Souls, Undoing

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