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Wave-Particle Duality – Micro concept with macro implications

The wave-particle duality refers to a contradiction that arises when we try to understand the nature of light.

Girls demonstrating wave-particle duality.

Girls demonstrating wave-particle duality by James Guppy via Flickr

Light can be either a wave (energy) or particle (matter), depending on the way we observe and interpret it. Some even try to combine the concepts of energy and matter to say that light is a “wavicle.”¹

Albert Einstein had this to say:

It seems as though we must use sometimes the one theory and sometimes the other, while at times we may use either. We are faced with a new kind of difficulty. We have two contradictory pictures of reality; separately neither of them fully explains the phenomena of light, but together they do.²

Philosophers of science believe the duality is created by the way we use language. And the apparent conflict might be reconciled if we consider what language is and does.

Language, they say, not only describes but also influences our understanding of things spoken and written about. So with a kind of circularity, the way we describe our world in turns shapes our worldview.

Consider the moon, for instance. To an Apollo astronaut it is something to travel to, orbit and possibly walk on. For an ancient Roman, the moon might be seen as a somewhat mysterious place where the goddess Luna resides or as an aspect of the pagan goddesses Diana or Juno.

In ancient Iran, the moon was believed to be “The Great Man” who periodically incarnates on Earth. And in the recent past, the moon was whimsically said to be made of blue cheese.

In each of these examples, the words and the semantic context within which the occur shape the understanding of the thing described. We have to keep this is mind not only when studying myth and religion but in any aspect of life—ancient or modern. Culture isn’t just created. It also creates.³

We can overcome the wave-particle duality by realizing that it is informed by the way we categorize reality, but this might be a hollow victory because it doesn’t tell us much about the actual essence of light, energy or matter—or even if these phenomena have a true ‘essence.’

At some point language becomes inadequate. And many believe that sciences, which also use symbol systems like mathematics and physics, are equally as imperfect to the task of describing reality.

From this, the holistic thinker Peter Russell argues that we should not confuse the proverbial map (scientific concepts and theories) with the thing mapped (alleged fundamental aspects of creation).

The debate about describing vs the described can get pretty complicated. Some maintain that language is, in fact, adequate and an integral part of reality. Others say this argument falls short when we consider how meanings have changed throughout history.

Is truth always relative or is there something absolute, essential or permanent in our world? These basic questions may seem abstruse. But the way we unconsciously answer them in our daily assumption/decision making process no doubt informs many aspects of life.

So I think it’s better to be aware of our uncertainties and biases. Question everything. That way we don’t put the world – and other people – in an artificially small box. When people try to do that, what we’re really seeing is a picture of their provincial outlook.


² Follow this link for a good, brief history »

³ That’s why many poststructural social thinkers argue that power is creative, not just repressive.

Related » George Berkeley, Brahman, Albert Einstein, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, John Locke, Poststructuralism, Erwin Schrödinger, Semiology, Tao, Thomas Young

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Erwin Schrödinger

English: Photograph of physicist Erwin Schrödi...

Erwin Schrödinger early in his professional career. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Erwin Schrödinger (1887-1961) was an Austrian physicist who attempted to overcome the apparent particle- wave duality with his now famous wave equation.

Various interpretations of Schrödinger’s wave equation have arisen. For some, particles are seen as wave packets. Others suggest that the particle is similar to a standing wave—a relatively stable energy formation that doesn’t travel through a medium.

While some like to see science as some kind of solid rock that tells us the “truth,” the ambiguity surrounding the interpretation of Schrödinger’s work tells us just the opposite. Science involves speculation, myth and a lot of limitation and uncertainty.

However, to sum up the latest consensus on what the wave equation means to people today, we could say that the whole idea of “matter” is recognized as a construction of the senses, mind and society. Underneath that social construction of reality,¹ we just have energy, for lack of a better term.

English: Wave particle duality p known

Wave particle duality (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

New Age enthusiasts tend to champion this idea, suggesting the entire universe is merely energy. Meanwhile, some old school theologians still talk about the reality of matter and the (supposed) indisputable authority of Aristotle‘s views on that topic. Some even go as far to say that animals do not enjoy an afterlife because they do not have souls and are made entirely of matter.²

A better approach, however, would consider the replacement of the old idea of “matter” with that of “energy” but also look to spiritual experience as somewhat mysterious yet qualitatively different from energy.³

For his outstanding work in quantum mechanics Schrödinger won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1933, sharing it with Paul Dirac.

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¹ I’m alluding to the sociological classic, The Social Construction of Reality by Berger and Luckmann.

² Others say that animals do have souls, but still do not enjoy an afterlife. See these links.

³ What do I mean by this? Well, I recall conversing with someone who liked to work out. He enjoyed his endorphin rushes after vigorous exercise. I used to be a long distance runner, so knew what he was talking about. Since my running days, however, I have experienced what C. G. Jung and others call the numinous. And what Catholics (and other Christians) call the indwelling of The Holy Spirit. In those essentially spiritual experiences I have noticed a range of difference. And all of the spiritual experiences were qualitatively different from an endorphin rush (which we can assume more closely correlates to chemical changes than, say, sitting in a church).

Related » George Berkeley, Philipp Lenard, Particle, Wave, Thomas Young 

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Angela Marie Henriette Dance of Shakti

Shakti is a Sanskrit term for female power, sometimes called “serpent power” because it is said to rise upwards like a serpent through the chakras of the meditating yogi or yogini.

Shakti also denotes a general principle of creative, cosmic energy. When personified it takes the form of a goddess, such as Siva‘s consort Parvati, or Krishna‘s playmate, Radha.

In New Age parlance the term arguably signifies the empowered, aware and holistic woman, as we find with figures like Shakti Gawain. Another meaning is the idea of the Cosmic, Divine or Great Mother.

Related » Kundalini, Tantra, Raja yoga


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Standing Wave

In physics a standing wave is a uniform and relatively stable wave pattern of energy that doesn’t travel through a medium. Put differently, each point on the standing wave has a constant amplitude.

Standing wave in stationary medium. The red do...

Standing wave in stationary medium. The red dots represent the wave nodes. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By way of example, imagine a long skipping rope extended on a smooth surface and held by two people at either end. When wiggled left to right by one person at a precise frequency, this particular type of wave differs in that its waveform (the height and shape of the curve) doesn’t move down the rope but remains stable, forming a uniform pattern.

Circular Standing Wave

Circular Standing Wave (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Wikipedia adds:

This phenomenon can occur because the medium is moving in the opposite direction to the wave, or it can arise in a stationary medium as a result of interference between two waves traveling in opposite directions. The most common cause of standing waves is the phenomenon of resonance, in which standing waves occur inside a resonator due to interference between waves reflected back and forth at the resonator’s resonant frequency.

For waves of equal amplitude traveling in opposing directions, there is on average no net propagation of energy

Erwin Schrödinger argued that all particles of matter are in fact standing waves of energy.

The implications of his theory are profound. It suggests that so-called matter within the universe isn’t really solid. We merely perceive it as solid through our senses and minds.


Related Posts » George Berkeley, Wave, Thomas Young



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Standing Wave - Fort Clonque

Standing Wave – Fort Clonque (Photo credit: alderney boy)

In physics a physical wave is defined as a regular disturbance in a medium, the net result being a transfer of energy.

Electromagnetic waves, however, may travel through either a medium or a vacuum.¹

Many New Age writers dubiously liken waves to matter/energy and to spirit. According to this assumption, the Holy Spirit could be measured with some kind of metering system.

This perspective seems lacking because it excludes a whole realm of grace and spirit that many say exists beyond but also within the world of matter and energy. That is, spirit is immanent within matter/energy. This is very different from saying that spirit is the same thing as matter/energy.

Perhaps those who have not experienced the numinous quality of spirit will continue to suppose that matter/energy is equivalent to spirit, or, worse, reduce all things spiritual to vulgar materialistic or psychoanalytic theories.

A standing wave (black) depicted as the sum of...

A standing wave (black) depicted as the sum of two propagating waves traveling in opposite directions (red and blue). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In Christian theology, God’s grace is immanent but qualitatively different from experiences originating from the natural world of matter/energy.  So spiritual experience is totally different from, say, the aesthetic appreciation of a sunset or an endorphin rush from jogging.

Again, this distinction eludes some people. And to complicate things, many depth psychologists, mystics and poets say there are a variety of spiritual experiences—and each is qualitatively different from the realm of matter/energy.

¹ As we currently define a vacuum, that is. Most would say that an absolute vacuum is “empty,” but we could argue that spirit, being qualitatively different from matter/energy, might exist in a vacuum.

Related Posts » George Adamski, George Berkeley, Mircea Eliade, Interference, Carl JungPhilipp Eduard Anton Lenard, Meditation, Rudolf Otto, Particle, Particle-Wave Duality, Erwin Schrödinger, Standing Wave, Emanuel Swedenborg, Thomas Young

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The Logic Of Entropy & Global Warming

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The dictionary defines the word entropy as the logarithm of probability of the occurrence of a given state. Entropy even has its own human worked out mathematical formula continuously applied in physics, engineering etc. Namely, a thermodynamic quantity that measures the fraction of the total energy of a system that is not available for doing work.

But, entropy also has other related applied definitions. As in ‘the constant inevitable slow deterioration (decay) of a established system’. Any system, not just mechanical & electronic. Therefore the systems that underwrite life, its biology & society are included in that definition. This would indicate that entropy is a set Law of Nature universally contained in all matter & energy…therefore in Life, Nature & the Universe and all the different linked systems associated with their activity.

Q: But where does that set law in physical Nature come from? What maintains the integrity & permanence of that set law in Nature? What can change that set principle operating across the board of physical matter & energy…and therefore life, Nature & the Universe?

A: At a different level of understanding & logic outside of mathematics, we can say entropy is very much a physical law of innumerable laws manifesting out of the previously discussed Unified Field of Creation. Its evolution sourced & orchestrated function, allowing the controlled orderly decay of matter & energy in its specific physical form (system) and designated life-cycle. To put it another way, everything physical has a inherent Laws of Nature governed life-span. The law of entropy, allows the decaying aspect of that life-span, to take place in a orderly organized systematic set pattern. That law of entropy, nowhere more obvious than in the interactive regeneration of old cells to new cells in the biology of life. The physical integrity of that law and its process, being underwritten by the spiritual Laws of Nature that underwrite and interact with the physical Laws of Nature.

Q: So where does unnatural entropy come into the equation?

A: We could say ‘unnatural entropy’ is premature decay taking place in the normal expected decaying life-span of a system, be it in the biology of life, the Laws of Nature or the Universe. That means the physical law of entropy has malfunctioned in the system, resulting in uncontrolled premature decay and the subsequent early termination of that specific system. Premature disease (entropy) appearing in the healthy biology and organs of life is this process in action.

Q: Where does premature entropy originate, what is its root cause?

A: Premature entropy occurs, through accumulating imbalance created in the physical & spiritual component of life, Nature & the Universe. The physical source of that imbalance when it arises, is definitely human in its origin. For example: No other life-form has the creative power to re-synthesize chemicals, minerals & other natural resources and saturate them into the systems of life, Nature and the Universe. Thereby eventually contaminating/altering the Laws of Nature governing the systems that underwrite and process the evolution of physical matter & energy. Laws that have been in place for millions of years in the biology of life, long before the human being came along to add the products of its synthetic creativity to that perfect system. Because anything synthetic added to the complex workings of physical Nature, is alien and potentially toxic to its interactive ecological systems that support life. When its toxicity accumulates, the physical Laws of Nature begin to malfunction not only in the biology of life, but Nature also.

Clarification: Human beings have the power to cause imbalance in Nature in two ways. The first is a growing result of our ability to pollute physical Nature with what comes out of the creativity of science and can be called synthetic pollution. The second is much more subtle & caused through influence created out of thought & desire that does not support the purpose and function of evolution & life…and therefore Nature and its Laws. This contamination can also be called synthetic pollution, because its influence has not come out of perfect creativity of Nature, but the human beings creativity.

Note: This influence is simply called karma in the ancient Sanskrit language it originated from…but, far from being simple in the many branches of its meaning. Unfortunately, with the passing of centuries its knowledge has become lost in translation and all that is left is the chaff to sift through. To eventually be written off by some as mere theory and others as a good joke to have a laugh about. So perhaps it is worth pausing in this Article, to explain why it has become so misunderstood and pilloried over the centuries. Because until science removes its physical blinkers, it will not comprehend the Intelligence that logically must underwrite Life, Nature & its Laws. Including the law of entropy that is underwriting Global Warming. To understand the source of the science uncovered logical law of entropy, is to also understand those other un-scientific turn-off words. Namely, Karma, Spiritual & God.

Interlude: A brief pause in the subject matter to set the karma & spiritual record straight…and possibly, even the broken God record in the process…maybe. Because the mind will only understand what it wants to understand.

Further up the ladder of human evolution, it can be said karma is far from being mere theory, philosophy or a joke. Its reality, knowledge and experience is not to be found in physical consciousness, but spiritual consciousness. In the highest level of that structure of consciousness that has been called divine, all human beings possess a latent born potential to access the self-referral field of Creation…that is called the Veda in Sanskrit. Or from the author’s English pen, the borrowed Unified Field from Albert Einstein’s pen That is where spiritual knowledge is eternally sourced, certainly not books. To gain access to it with the mind, it is necessary to come out of the structure of physical consciousness and acquire/develop/cultivate the silent quality of Abstract Consciousness. To experience that silent reality in the physical mind, is to then understand not only why karma has been called karma, but why God has been called God. A most treasured word of millions of people down through the centuries…yet just like karma, so misunderstood. A religious misunderstanding that has caused so much bloodshed and misery for millions of people down to the present day. A human created chaos problem that has turned many off the subject of Religion & God.

It could be said both Religion & Science understand the word transcendent…but, not the experience of the meaning. To transcend anything is to rise above it. i.e. what was before is no longer in the present. Therefore, to transcend thought is to come out of the thinking process and all that is attached to the thinking process. To then enter a transcendent medium where the conscious awareness of the mind, is left with no experience of anything but pure silence. It is only after many applications of that process, that the awareness evolves to become aware of itself as that silence. It is that specific transcendent acquired silence, that is the key to unlocking the full potential of the physical mind. One of those potentials is access to spiritual consciousness and all its many levels of activity sourced to the Unified Field of Creation.

The point to be made : The above knowledge is not new, it is as old as civilization itself. Yes, there are many more complex questions that arise out of its subject, but the answers to them are not to be found in books, but in the self-referral field of Creation. Until the mind can grasp that it is more than the sum of its physical parts, it will remain forever trapped and lost in its own physical individuality, creativity, imagination and intelligence. Unstoppable evolution will not allow that to happen, human beings must continue to evolve up the ladder of evolution or ultimately disappear off the tree of life. The universal law of entropy will see to that….nothing to do with God. It can also be said, that Science will never physically enter the Unified Field through the laboratory, mathematics or atomizing the atom. Quantum physics has proved that dead-end statement, in its physical quest to mathematically probe the limits of physical matter & energy. Likewise, religion will never find transcendent God through endless words & ritual. Surely it is time to understand that logic from out of the chaotic history of religion, a chaos sourced to mankind…definitely not God.

Suggestion: If required, read the About page @ for further clarification.

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Returning to the original topic:

When human beings create imbalance in the system of life through the means described, the physical Laws of Nature begin to imperceptibly become disorganized at a very subtle sub-atomic layer of Nature. If that imbalance continues, it eventually expresses itself on the surface of life in the form of accelerating entropy (disorder & malfunction) in the systems of life and Nature. For example: Global warming & cooling and its changing of environments, is a natural cycle of Nature tied to the infinite workings of evolution. But, drastic life threatening acceleration of Global Warming, is definitely not part of that natural cycle of Nature. Because physical Nature is spiritually primed to support life and its evolution, not to destroy it prematurely. The law of entropy and its variable function & process, that underwrites the physical systems created out of matter & energy, proves that point of logic. Because without that law, there would be constant uncontrollable chaos that life could not survive in.

The point to be made: Every life-form has a spiritual connection to the Unified Field of Creation that sources Life, Nature & the Universe for the purpose of evolution. Everything we do as creative human beings, becomes a negative or positive cause & effect equation (influence) entering the interactive system of Nature and its Laws…and therefore effecting all life on this shared planet and the systems that underwrite life. As logical thinking human beings, we have to become aware that Nature and its Laws, are a perfectly functioning created system from Intelligence greater than the human beings physical intelligence. Nature is not something clinically separate and divorced from ourselves or other life-forms, but contains all species in its infinite organization, creativity and laws. This is where science falls spiritually short in its physical only understanding of Life, Nature and the Universe.

Clarification: Until well-meaning science understands that life is much more than the sum of its physical parts, it is unknowingly doing more harm than good with what comes out of its endless synthetic creativity. Yes, it is fixing many problems from the science laboratory, but inadvertently creating many more in the laboratory of Nature. One of them is the rapid acceleration of Global Warming linked to rapid synthetic pollution saturating the planet. From the seas to the forests to the atmosphere and ecological systems that support life. A harsh indictment maybe, but the evidence is all around us and in us. Nature simply cannot handle the growing industrial & chemical pollution saturating the planet at an ever increasing toxic rate. Science surely knows this and has done the right thing and activated the early warning bell, but to no avail. The economy and the good life must come first in the political survival manual and big business with the golden goose and the most to lose appear to agree.

Postscript: It would seem appropriate to add, that the author has sent numerous ignored articles to science, governments and especially the media, going back to 1999. All dealing with the growing disorder (unnatural entropy) accelerating on this planet and the reason why it is happening. Global Warming being just one of them and long before it became yet another media primed, divided & fuelled endless argument & debate in Nations. The end divisive result being, that the public became confused and no uniform concrete agreement is forthcoming from Nations to seriously address its global issue. Science can rightly point the entropy finger at the news media, for the disregard/skepticism in the political and public arena of their painstaking scientific gathered evidence.

Explanation: The minority science view, should never have been presented by the media as being equal in credibility & volume to the overwhelming majority science view. To then be given equal status by the media and played one against the other to further cloud the issue in the public arena. It is not balanced reporting at all, but creating a situation where the public are swung this way and that way in the media manipulated process to create news, not report it. Yes, the minority should always be heard in society, but where an issue of magnitude demands a urgent decision & solution, the majority opinion must prevail in a society. Otherwise the unresolved problem lingers on to reach its inevitable entropy conclusion and it becomes too late to seriously address it.

Clarification: It could be said the Media not only informs the public, but creates their perceptions and realities out of its 24/7 saturated information. That is the enormous power the media has come to possess in society. Namely, to create, control, direct & fuel the perceptions of the public. According to our history books, social & political disorder (entropy) becomes the end result of a minority dictating/obstructing/influencing the decision making process & mandate of a majority. If 21st century validation of its equation is required, then listen to President Obama’s 2014 Address To The Nation speech. Its tone & direction would suggest he has worked out its equation and wants the American people…and especially Congress, to follow suite.

Kind regards to the reader from the author.

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This picture depicts the seven major Chakras w...

This picture depicts the seven major Chakras with descriptions. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

While many New Age believers cite the belief in chakras as a surefire science of body and spirit, they usually don’t realize that chakra theories vary significantly among different Asian religious traditions.

Texts and teachings present different numbers of chakras. Also different physical structures are considered chakras. David Gordon White thus emphasizes:

“In fact, there is no “standard” system of the cakras. Every school, sometimes every teacher within each school, has had their own cakra system.”¹

The chakras are, in the most general sense, ‘wheels’ or alleged centers of power located along the spine, beginning at the anus/base and ending at the crown of the head.

Spiritual energy is said to travel in a channel (nadi) upward along the spine, homogenizing at each chakra much like floors along an elevator route. Individuals at various stages of spiritual development focus on and identify their consciousness with respectively different chakras (energy centers). The anus/base chakra is said to contain the lowest and crudest of spiritual energies, while the crown/top chakra is associated with ultimate spiritual awareness, beyond the confines of desire, the body, space and time, etc.

In this regard, Hinduism outlines a variety of spiritual tantras (rules, disciplines, theories). Although those outlined in the Kubjikamata Tantra became more or less standardized, with chakras specified at the anus, reproductive organs, navel, heart, throat, between the eyes and the ‘thousand-petalled lotus’ at the crown of the head.

In Hindu mythic belief raw power (Shakti) resides at the anus/base. Once awakened she rises, serpent-like, energizing each chakra as she passes upward, ultimately to unite with Siva at the crown chakra. At this point the aspirant allegedly experiences absolute bliss by virtue of linking personal consciousness with absolute reality or God.

By way of contrast, some Buddhist Tantras mention only four chakras, located at the navel, heart, throat and between the eyes/crown of the head.

Again, some people seem to accept one chakra theory as the gospel truth. In reality, however, there are many competing theories. The tendency for some to hold fast to a single chakra theory might have something to do with the human desire to understand and control. Rather than humbly acknowledging our human limitations concerning ultimate reality, some suppose they’ve got it all figured out with a manmade theory. Ironically, this narrow-minded, closed off attitude may hinder an experience of the mystery and grace of God.

Another sad possibility is that vulnerable people with a bit of money but not much knowledge are hoodwinked by manipulative, sham gurus and cheesy New Age teachers who’ll do anything they can to keep their wealthy clients on the hook.

¹ See