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Bertrand Russell – Temporarily lost his job for advocating peace

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell (Photo Wikipedia)

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) was a Welsh philosopher, mathematician and activist.

Russell taught at Cambridge in 1895, published Principles of Mathematics (1903) and, with A. N. Whitehead, wrote Principia Mathematica (1910-13).

He was let go from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1916 for advocating pacifism during World War I. This was scandalous even at the time because most of his Fellows opposed his firing.¹ Jailed in 1918 for six months, Russell eventually revoked his support for pacifism with the rise of Fascism.

Soon after his Fellowship was restored.

In the 1920’s he lectured and wrote widely. In 1927 he founded an experimental school with his second wife, Dora, a woman of achievement in her own right. And he toured the Soviet Union and lectured in China and America.

Russell’s best known publications are The Problems of Philosophy (1912), On Education (1926), An Enquiry into Meaning and Truth (1940), History of Western Philosophy (1945), and Human Knowledge (1948). He also wrote probing essays on a variety of topics, such as Why I am not a Christian (1927).

After World War II Russell advocated a ban on nuclear weapons and corresponded with leading politicians around the world. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1950 and authored a three-volume Autobiography (1967-9).

English: Bertrand Russell and Conway Hall Behi...

Bertrand Russell and Conway Hall Behind bust of Bertrand Russell (by Marcelle Quinton 1980) in Red Lion Square the entrance to Conway Hall can be seen with Royal Mail van parked outside. (Photo: Wikipedia)

¹ Perhaps it’s fitting that I’m posting this revision on Good Friday. Seems a lot of people run into bad luck for advocating peace. †

Related » Ludwig Wittgenstein


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Theism

English: Ralph Cudworth. Français : Ralph Cudw...

Ralph Cudworth (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The term “theism” was coined by the Cambridge Platonist scholar, Ralph Cudworth (1617-88), in 1678.

Theism is the belief in a wholly-other creator God, ruling over creation and intervening with divine power, presence and graces.

Theism is often contrasted with deism, the belief in a wholly-other creator God who does not intervene after the initial creation of the universe.

Wikipedia suggests that theism can also apply to most other types of religious beliefs.¹ This may be a current trend in scholarship. It might even be motivated by a hyper aggressive kind of political correctness. I’m not sure. But traditionally, theologians and scholars deemed it important to keep the term’s meaning separate from that of others pointing to the idea of ultimate reality.

Classical Definition of Kno

Classical Definition of Knowledge (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

¹ See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theism for details.

Related Posts » Akhenaton, Atheism, Neo-Paganism, Pagan, Pantheism

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