Think Free


Ram Dass – Bridging East and West

Ram Dass (1931 – ) Richard Alpert, now Ram Dass, was born into a wealthy, educated Jewish American family. After receiving his Ph.D. in psychology at Stanford he grew increasingly dissatisfied with conventional approaches to understanding the psyche. So he became a full-fledged … Continue reading

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Samkhya Philosophy – Another Golden Age Gone Wrong

Samkhya is one of the six main schools of Hindu philosophy. Most agree that it has conceptual roots in the Rig Veda but it is usually attributed to the legendary sage Kapila (circa 6th century BCE).¹ Kapila postulated a fundamental distinction between … Continue reading

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Carl Edward Sagan – An astronomer who had the right stuff

Carl Edward Sagan (1934-1996), best known as Carl Sagan, was an American astronomer and media figure. His interest in science began at a young age. Getting his first public library card at age 5, he spent considerable time asking the librarian … Continue reading

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Sadism – Another one of those old “disorders” turned “alternative”

Sadism is a Freudian term denoting a sexual perversion in which erotic pleasure is gained by inflicting pain on another.¹ The term is derived from the surname of the French nobleman Marquis de Sade (1740-1814), who candidly wrote about the alleged … Continue reading

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Skepticism – An old way of finding out new things

In philosophy skepticism is the notion that we cannot know things beyond a shadow of a doubt. Extreme skepticism contends that we cannot be certain about the truth of any belief, including the belief in skepticism. Softer forms of skepticism … Continue reading

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Dialectical Materialism – It sounds like “diabolical” but it’s not quite that bad

Dialectical Materialism is a school of thought which emerged from Karl Marx‘s theory of history. Marx is said to have turned the Hegelian dialectic on its head. That is, Hegel envisioned the world as spirit unfolding in matter and, by … Continue reading