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Tao (the way or path) is a concept central to the ancient Chinese philosophy of Taoism. Taoism is an outlook on life that attempts to harmonize the individual will with natural and spiritual influences. Personal thoughts and actions alternately coincide … Continue reading


The Numinous and Numinosity – Seeing The Light Beyond All Lights

I can’t remember when I first encountered the English term numinous; most likely while reading a Jungian work or something by Carl Jung himself. Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875 – 1961), the founder of analytical psychology, circa 1960. The … Continue reading


Wave-Particle Duality – Micro concept with macro implications

The wave-particle duality refers to a contradiction that arises when we try to understand the nature of light. Light can be either a wave (energy) or particle (matter), depending on the way we observe and interpret it. Some even try … Continue reading

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Panentheism – The whole is greater than the sum of its parts

Panentheism is a religious studies term coined in 1828 by the German philosopher Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781–1832). Today, it belongs within the umbrella term, pantheism. However, Krause’s concept is more specific. Panentheism refers to the belief in an eternal … Continue reading

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Pantheism – Is my God bigger than your God?

Pantheism (Greek: pan [all] + theos [God] = All is God) is the belief that God and creation are one. Subtle differences and schools can be found within pantheism. Naturalistic pantheism sees nature and the cosmos as God, a cosmology … Continue reading

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The Belief in Reincarnation – Man-Made Theory or Sacred Truth?

Also called metempsychosis and transmigration, reincarnation is a man-made theory usually presented as fact or sacred law by believers. Elements of the theory can be found in diverse religions and philosophies, including ancient Greek, Egyptian, Hindu, Buddhist, Taoist, Jain, African … Continue reading


Evil: Natural, Moral and Intrinsic

How we define evil is influenced by our core beliefs. Materialists and some scientists dismiss the idea of evil as if it were culturally inherited from a world once peopled by believers in magic and outdated superstitions. Today, violent criminals … Continue reading