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Superego

In Sigmund Freud‘s psychoanalytic theory, the superego is the conscious or unconscious element of the ego that is formed from the child’s internalization of parental values, beliefs and prohibitions. Because the superego is internalized in childhood, its moral injunctions are … Continue reading


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Repression – Freud’s master defense mechanism

We’ve probably all heard the psychological term “repressed” without stopping to think where it comes from. The idea of repression usually turns up in sentences like, That bible thumper is so repressed, he can’t get it on with anyone. And in other insinuations like … Continue reading


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Freud’s Reality Principle (German: Realitätsprinzip) – Is that all there is?

Embed from Getty Images Hanging man artwork, in Prague, Czech Republic, a work by David Cerny intended to depict Sigmund Freud. In Sigmund Freud‘s personality theory, the reality principle is a learned psychological function that seeks to gratify instinctual desires (id) … Continue reading