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Looking through a glass darkly – The paranormal, normal and bias

The Latin prefix para means beside or beyond. Like the word supernatural, paranormal refers to any phenomenon that eludes explanation through normal science or conventional wisdom. Paranormal can be a misleading term because what is ‘normal’ is open to debate … Continue reading


James Randi – Skeptic, debunker of the paranormal

James Randi (1928-) is a Toronto born American citizen known for his skepticism and enthusiastic debunking of paranormal truth claims. In the past, Randi has demanded scientific evidence of paranormal abilities using science as he defines it. This was evident in … Continue reading


Nominalism – What’s In A Name?

Nominalism is a philosophical position developed in the Middle Ages but with roots going back to Plato and Aristotle.¹ During the Middle Ages, scholastic theologians had intricate and intense debates about nominalism.² So for instructional purposes, nominalism is sometimes simplified into two … Continue reading

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Neurosis, Culture and Change

In non-medical schools of psychology neurosis is a less serious condition than psychosis. Unlike the psychotic, the neurotic hasn’t lost touch with reality but experiences anxiety to a degree that can affect judgement and behavior. Examples of neuroses would be … Continue reading

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Near Death Experiences – Beyond Belief?

A Near Death Experience (NDE) is a personal experience reported by those who have been revived after being clinically dead or, alternately, by those who have approached the point of death. Religious and non-religious persons, alike, have reported NDEs. Although … Continue reading


Occam’s Razor… and the Anti-Razor

Occam’s razor is a philosophical belief, associated with William of Occam (c. 1287-1347), that a proverbial razor should cut away all unnecessary variables of a given theory to attain the greatest degree of parsimony. This means that the best among … Continue reading

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Psychokinesis – Is it in your head?

Also called PK, psychokinesis (Greek: psyː.kʰɛ̌ː  +  kī́nēsis) is a form of psi in which a person’s thoughts allegedly affect objects without physical contact.¹ PK usually involves moving or modifying objects in space. One of the most famous exponents of transforming … Continue reading

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Star Trek’s Prime Directive – A lofty idea with a few wrinkles

In the fictional world of Star Trek, the Prime Directive is a core regulation of Starfleet. To understand what the Prime Directive means, we have to know how Star Trek depicts its moral universe. Star Fleet officers usually see themselves … Continue reading

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Psi Spies – A different kind of dark web?

Preamble (skip) I always feel a bit apprehensive writing about paranormal phenomena (psi). Earthpages is about dialog and change. And none of that will happen if readers are alienated by fringe topics. If I simply wanted to mirror today’s trends … Continue reading