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Occam’s Razor… and the Anti-Razor

Occam’s razor is a philosophical belief, associated with William of Occam (c. 1287-1347), that a proverbial razor should cut away all unnecessary variables of a given theory to attain the greatest degree of parsimony. This means that the best among … Continue reading


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Proclus – A good example of how all spiritual beliefs are not the same

Proclus (410-85 CE) was an influential Greek Neoplatonist philosopher. Born in Lycia, he moved to Athens for the remainder of his life. A lawyer by trade, Proclus came to realize that he preferred philosophy so made a study of the classics … Continue reading


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Polyphonic chant (and a little polyphonic trivia for the digital age)

Polyphonic chant is a type of Christian devotional singing developed in the 10th century where two or more melodies or parts are sung together in a composition. As with anything new, not everyone approved of polyphony. Some believed that melodic … Continue reading


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Psychosis – Toward a humble, intelligent and ethically sound approach

Psychosis is usually described within psychology and psychiatry as a fundamental break with reality. Current theories say this apparent break is caused by biological and environmental factors, resulting in a breakdown or disintegration of the personality where normal judgement is … Continue reading


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A Pagan Place?

Embed from Getty Images The perception of Paganism has changed over the years. Pagans remain a religious minority in most places, and we find different opinions about Paganism as a spiritual path. In advanced countries it is rare and probably … Continue reading


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Willard Quine – My unapologetic simplification

Willard Quine (1908-2000) was an influential American mathematician and philosopher who rejected Kant’s analytic-synthetic distinction¹ and advocated a form of holism. Quine argues that empiricism contains “two dogmas.” One dogma is the distinction made between intellectual constructs and facts. The … Continue reading


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Quiddity – What is?

Embed from Getty Images Quiddity (Latin: quidditas = whatness) is a medieval scholastic term referring a thing’s essence (primary substance) in contrast to its observable form (secondary substance). This kind of distinction goes back to Plato and plays an important … Continue reading


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Plato – One of the most esteemed thinkers of all time

Plato (427-347 BCE) was a Greek philosopher born into an aristocratic Athenian family. Over the centuries he has come to be regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of all time, especially within Western philosophy. Plato’s quick wit and … Continue reading


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Bertrand Russell – Temporarily lost his job for advocating peace

Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) was a Welsh philosopher, mathematician and activist. Russell taught at Cambridge in 1895, published Principles of Mathematics (1903) and, with A. N. Whitehead, wrote Principia Mathematica (1910-13). He was let go from Trinity College, Cambridge in 1916 … Continue reading