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The Ontological Argument – Does the Greatest Imaginable Being Exist?

Ontology is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of being. Questions posed by ontology include what kind of entities exist and how they might relate or be hierarchically structured. What we call the ontological argument sounds rather daunting. … Continue reading


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Gilbert Ryle – An Oxford man who advocated “ordinary language”

Gilbert Ryle (1900-76) was an English philosopher who taught at Oxford from 1945-68. He edited the journal Mind from 1947-71. Embed from Getty Images Ryle and others like G. E. Moore developed the idea, forwarded by Wittgenstein, that philosophy is … Continue reading


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Reductio ad absurdum – An old school way of saying “take the flipside” or “take it to the limit”

Reductio ad absurdum [Latin: “reduce to the absurd”] is a method of argumentation said to prove a statement to be true by demonstrating the contradiction, absurdity and therefore impossibility that would result if it were untrue or prove a statement to … Continue reading


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Skepticism – An old way of finding out new things

In philosophy skepticism is the notion that we cannot know things beyond a shadow of a doubt. Extreme skepticism contends that we cannot be certain about the truth of any belief, including the belief in skepticism. Softer forms of skepticism … Continue reading