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Ramanuja – Hindu sage likened to St. Thomas Aquinas

Ramanuja (1017-1137 CE) was a leading Hindu philosopher born in the Brahmin caste. Legend has it that he learned the Vedas when he was a baby, only eight days old.¹ Ramanuja was influential to the Bhakti movement, which favors devotion over … Continue reading


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The Ontological Argument – Does the Greatest Imaginable Being Exist?

Ontology is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of being. Questions posed by ontology include what kind of entities exist and how they might relate or be hierarchically structured. What we call the ontological argument sounds rather daunting. … Continue reading


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A Look at Fate, Chance and Providence… From a Humble i3

In the early 1990s while thinking about converting to Catholicism I met with a Monsignor in the Church. Monsignor is an honorary title with no real power, basically for smart guys aware of ecclesiastical problems but not actively involved in … Continue reading


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Platonism – The one and the many

Platonism refers to beliefs and theories based on the metaphysical ideas expressed in Plato‘s dialogues. These usually include Plato’s division of an ideal realm of the Forms that is unchanging eternal truth and an ordinary realm of the so-called external … Continue reading


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Plato – One of the most esteemed thinkers of all time

Plato (427-347 BCE) was a Greek philosopher born into an aristocratic Athenian family. Over the centuries he has come to be regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of all time, especially within Western philosophy. Plato’s quick wit and … Continue reading


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The Belief in Reincarnation – Man-Made Theory or Sacred Truth?

Also called metempsychosis and transmigration, reincarnation is a man-made theory usually presented as fact or sacred law by believers. Elements of the theory can be found in diverse religions and philosophies, including ancient Greek, Egyptian, Hindu, Buddhist, Taoist, Jain, African … Continue reading


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Reason, Revelation, Inspiration and Illumination – A Matter of Character or Degree?

Embed from Getty Images In both philosophy and theology a distinction is often made between knowledge obtained through reason and knowledge obtained through revelation Many learned and pious discussions follow from this way of looking at things. But I believe … Continue reading


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Evil: Natural, Moral and Intrinsic

How we define evil is influenced by our core beliefs. Materialists and some scientists dismiss the idea of evil as if it were culturally inherited from a world once peopled by believers in magic and outdated superstitions. Today, violent criminals … Continue reading