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Platonism – The one and the many

Platonism refers to beliefs and theories based on the metaphysical ideas expressed in Plato‘s dialogues. These usually include Plato’s division of an ideal realm of the Forms that is unchanging eternal truth and an ordinary realm of the so-called external … Continue reading


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Plato – One of the most esteemed thinkers of all time

Plato (427-347 BCE) was a Greek philosopher born into an aristocratic Athenian family. Over the centuries he has come to be regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of all time, especially within Western philosophy. Plato’s quick wit and … Continue reading


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Plato’s Republic – A far-reaching attempt to understand life and eternity

The Republic is a political, philosophical and literary work by the ancient Greek Plato. Written in dialog form around 380 BCE, it reads more like a play than a dry treatise on philosophy, maths, political theory or the arts. Plato writes … Continue reading


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Plotinus – Is “The One” really God?

Plotinus (205-70 CE) was an ancient Greek speaking philosopher thought to have been born in Egypt. He established a branch of philosophy that, since the Renaissance, has been called Neoplatonism. At Rome in 244 CE he became a prominent teacher of … Continue reading


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Philia – One of many loves

Philia is a Greek term usually translated as brotherly or friendly love. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle says there are three types of philia: Love for what is of practical use Love for what is pleasing Love for the good Aristotle is … Continue reading


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A Pagan Place?

Embed from Getty Images The perception of Paganism has changed over the years. Pagans remain a religious minority in most places, and we find different opinions about Paganism as a spiritual path. In advanced countries it is rare and probably … Continue reading


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Quiddity – What is?

Embed from Getty Images Quiddity (Latin: quidditas = whatness) is a medieval scholastic term referring a thing’s essence (primary substance) in contrast to its observable form (secondary substance). This kind of distinction goes back to Plato and plays an important … Continue reading


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Representation – A subtle power for good or ill

In the literary and artistic sense, representation refers to depicting a psychological, social, natural, political or spiritual idea or condition through language, music, visual art, multimedia, CGI or dance. In the sciences, abstract ideas like numbers and their interrelationships are represented … Continue reading