Think Free

Leave a comment

Platonism – The one and the many

Platonism refers to beliefs and theories based on the metaphysical ideas expressed in Plato‘s dialogues. These usually include Plato’s division of an ideal realm of the Forms that is unchanging eternal truth and an ordinary realm of the so-called external … Continue reading


Plato – One of the most esteemed thinkers of all time

Plato (427-347 BCE) was a Greek philosopher born into an aristocratic Athenian family. Over the centuries he has come to be regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of all time, especially within Western philosophy. Plato’s quick wit and … Continue reading


Plato’s Republic – A far-reaching attempt to understand life and eternity

The Republic is a political, philosophical and literary work by the ancient Greek Plato. Written in dialog form around 380 BCE, it reads more like a play than a dry treatise on philosophy, maths, political theory or the arts. Plato writes … Continue reading


Nominalism – What’s In A Name?

Nominalism is a philosophical position developed in the Middle Ages but with roots going back to Plato and Aristotle.¹ During the Middle Ages, scholastic theologians had intricate and intense debates about nominalism.² So for instructional purposes, nominalism is sometimes simplified into two … Continue reading

Leave a comment

The Ontological Argument – Does the Greatest Imaginable Being Exist?

Ontology is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of being. Questions posed by ontology include what kind of entities exist and how they might relate or be hierarchically structured. What we call the ontological argument sounds rather daunting. … Continue reading

Leave a comment

Proclus – A good example of how all spiritual beliefs are not the same

Proclus (410-85 CE) was an influential Greek Neoplatonist philosopher. Born in Lycia, he moved to Athens for the remainder of his life. A lawyer by trade, Proclus came to realize that he preferred philosophy so made a study of the classics … Continue reading

Leave a comment

Pythagoras – A lot more than a triangle

We’ve probably all heard of Pythagoras. In junior high the Pythagorean theorem is a mainstay of math class. For a right-angled triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the … Continue reading


Plotinus – Is “The One” really God?

Plotinus (205-70 CE) was an ancient Greek speaking philosopher thought to have been born in Egypt. He established a branch of philosophy that, since the Renaissance, has been called Neoplatonism. At Rome in 244 CE he became a prominent teacher of … Continue reading

Leave a comment

Philia – One of many loves

Philia is a Greek term usually translated as brotherly or friendly love. The ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle says there are three types of philia: Love for what is of practical use Love for what is pleasing Love for the good Aristotle is … Continue reading