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Samsara – Round and round and round we go?

Embed from Getty Images Samsara (Sanskrit: wandering, flowing, meandering, and cyclic change) is philosophical word that stems back conceptually to the Veda. But it is not really articulated until the Upanishads. Later, it is more fully detailed in Hindu, Buddhist and … Continue reading

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Positivism – not so positive after all

Positivism is a branch of philosophical thought asserting that all knowledge is arrived at through observing phenomena and learning facts. Although the positivist approach has been a recurrent theme in the history of western thought, the modern sense of the … Continue reading

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In Sigmund Freud‘s psychoanalytic theory, the superego is the conscious or unconscious element of the ego that is formed from the child’s internalization of parental values, beliefs and prohibitions. Because the superego is internalized in childhood, its moral injunctions are … Continue reading