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Sankara – A Hindu who was no big fan of the Buddha

Sankara, Shankara or Adi Shankara (c. 700 – 750 CE) was a Hindu philosopher, mystic and theologian born in Kerala, India. A towering figure in Indian philosophical history, Sankara advocated Advaita Vedanta. His commentaries on scripture like the Bhagavad-Gita and Brahma-sutras outline … Continue reading

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Samsara – Round and round and round we go?

Embed from Getty Images Samsara (Sanskrit: wandering, flowing, meandering, and cyclic change) is philosophical word that stems back conceptually to the Veda. But it is not really articulated until the Upanishads. Later, it is more fully detailed in Hindu, Buddhist and … Continue reading


The Future of an Illusion – Freud and Beyond

The Future of an Illusion is Sigmund Freud’s work of 1927 where he states his psychoanalytic view of religion. Freud is a staunch materialist who sees all religious ideas as illusory: Freud defines religion as an illusion, consisting of “certain dogmas, assertions … Continue reading

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Psyche – More than a bundle of chemicals

Psyche (Greek: soul or spirit) is the personification of the soul in Graeco-Latin myth. The early Roman writer Apuleius looks at psychological transformation and the love between Cupid and Psyche in The Golden Ass, one of the earliest surviving Latin texts. Apuleius is … Continue reading