Samsara (Sanskrit: wandering, flowing, meandering, and cyclic change) is philosophical word that stems back conceptually to the Veda. But it is not really articulated until the Upanishads. Later, it is more fully detailed in Hindu, Buddhist and Jain commentaries.¹
According to the belief in reincarnation, when the soul (or as Buddhists would say, the illusion of one) is locked in ignorance and selfish craving for temporal pleasures, it has no choice but to reincarnate into an earthly, hellish or possibly a subtle, astral body.
The process is said to continue until the spiritual liberation of moksha (Hinduism and Jainism) or nirvana (Buddhism) is attained. Also, the process has been described in Buddhism as something without beginning nor end, whatever that means.²
My critique of this idea is pretty much in accord with what I’ve said here:
- Samkhya Philosophy – Another Golden Age Gone Wrong (original)
- https://www.highly.co/hl/57fa00d55d0c8c008e00006a (main points highlighted)
- “An exploration of the ocean of suffering, with alan watts as tour guide.”