Athens is the largest city and the capital of modern Greece. It was a city state of Attica around the 7th century BCE.
A centre for the arts, learning and philosophy, home of Plato‘s Academy and Aristotle‘s Lyceum, it is widely referred to as the cradle of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy,
Indeed, Athens is home to much philosophical thought that remains relevant today. The Athenian democracy, for instance, in which women and slaves couldn’t vote, is the first formalized democracy recorded in human history.
In 146 BCE it fell sway to the Romans, later to become a province of Rome. By 1456 the Ottoman Empire engulfed Athens. In 1835 it became the capital of modern Greece and it was occupied by the Nazis during WW-II.
In the summer of 2004, Athens hosted the XXVIII Olympiad, returning the Olympics to their place of origins (there were only foot races for the first 13 Olympics; other events like wrestling and the pentathlon were added later).
A previous modern Olympics was hosted in Athens in 1896, and an unofficial one in 1906.