Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto and twin sister of Apollo.
In classical myth she is the Greek Olympian who parallels the Roman goddess Diana. Both share an association with the moon. In pre-Hellenic Greece, Asia Minor and Crete Artemis originally was a deity of the earth, the wild and animals.
Before becoming a virgin huntress in Homeric religion, she was a fertility goddess associated with childbirth. Her best known place of worship was at Ephesus but smaller shrines dotted the landscape. As a huntress, she’s often represented with bow and arrows, and she appears throughout Greek and Roman literature.
The uncertainty of her origins has lead some scholars to believe that the roots of her name are pre-Greek.¹