Earthpages.ca

Think Free

Antioch

3 Comments


Kurtuluş Caddesi, Antakya (Antioch), Hatay pro...

Kurtuluş Caddesi, Antakya (Antioch), Hatay province, Turkey. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In the ancient world there were 16 cities and towns called Antioch by Seleucus Nicator, the founder of the Seleucid Empire. All were named in honor of his father, Antiochus.

The largest was Antioch in Syria, which he founded in 301 BCE. A commercial and intellectual hub, its inhabitants were noted for their caustic wit and bent for coining nicknames. The place was an ancient marvel, with nature reserves and temples dedicated to pagan deities like Daphne, Apollo and Demeter, along with a royal palace, fine carriages and other breathtaking (or, perhaps, intimidating) landmarks indicating economic wealth and power.

The first Gentile Christian Church was formed at Antioch in Syria. St. Paul made his missionary base at Antioch. Over time the significant Jewish population there didn’t appreciate Paul’s teachings about Christ (possibly also the growing number of converts to Christianity) and as a result harassed him.¹ At one point the Jewish population managed to evict Paul from the city, but that didn’t deter him from converting Hellenized Jews and Gentiles to Christianity.

English: Roman mosaic, Daphne (Antioch), Syria...

Roman mosaic, Daphne (Antioch), Syria, – Animals Hunting, Honolulu Academy of Arts (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

At this point, the city was quite cosmopolitan, composed of Romans, Greeks, Syrians and Jews. Christians appeared in droves, most likely being called “Christians” for the very first time at Antioch.

At Antioch a school of thought formed where scripture was interpreted literally. Sort of like the uncritical fundamentalists of today.

The early city was destroyed by an earthquake in 526. Antakya is now the capital of the Hatay province in Southern Turkey.

¹ Eerdmans Bible Dictionary, ed. Allen C. Myers, 1987, p. 60-61.

Advertisements

Author: Earthpages.ca

Earthpages.ca is about dialogue, understanding and positive change. Write as many entries as you like. We're not afraid of new ideas!

3 thoughts on “Antioch

  1. Thanks for this informative post about Antakya. It is one of the best places to see in Turkey. They have amazingly rich and tasteful cuisine and the biggest mosaic museum in the world. Today, it is a well-known connection spot of three big religions. (Some of the mosaics can be viewed here: http://www.pbase.com/dosseman/antakya_museum&page=all)

    Like

  2. Pingback: Joy in Giving | Quality of Life Ministries

What are you thinking?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s