August Comte (1798-1857) was a French philosopher and a founder of the discipline of sociology. His lectures, published in six volumes from 1830-42, outline a particular school of philosophy called positivism. Some describe him as the first modern philosopher of science.
Comte envisions three phases of scientific development: (1) theological (2) metaphysical (3) experiential or positive.
He coined the term sociology and regarded it as the master discipline among the sciences. This stands in sharp contrast to theologians like Hugh of Saint Victor (c. 1096 – 1141) who claim that theology is the noblest of sciences because of its focus and purpose.
- The Debate Over Christianity, Objectivism, and Altruism Continues (citizentom.com)
- Positivist Mythology (onlyagame.typepad.com)