Common beliefs among Luther and Calvin include:
- Scripture is the ultimate authority on matters of faith
- Free will is enslaved by original sin
- The doctrine of justification by grace through faith
Calvin believed that the authority of scripture is twofold. Scripture is divinely inspired but, at the same time, believers subjectively experience its divine authenticity through the “internal testimony of the Holy Spirit.”
Calvinism differs most dramatically from Lutheranism by having a:
- radical dependence on scripture for church doctrine and practice
- emphasis on predestination
According to Calvinism, an omnipotent God predestined some (called “the elect”) for heaven and others, (called “the dammed”) for hell.
Unlike Luther, Calvin believed in a theocracy (church rule over national, regional and civic affairs) while Luther defended the separation of Church and State.
Calvin believed in the Eucharist but like many churches, had his own spin on just what goes on while believers partake in this holy meal.
Although Calvin believed that all works outside the Christian faith are evil (even good works), he stressed the importance of good works among the Christian community.
- John Calvin and Predestination (samuelatgilgal.wordpress.com)
- Why Calvinism is not for me by Peter Lumpkins (peterlumpkins.typepad.com)
- elulseged1 Blog (perspectives9.wordpress.com)
- A Day in the Life of John Calvin (owenstrachan.com)
- Producing Some Children of Hell: Religious Fallacies Entrenched throughout the Centuries (esoriano.wordpress.com)
- What’s in a name? How the consistory (or session) can alienate a church. (matthewtuininga.wordpress.com)
- Friendly Chatter About the Two Kingdoms – A Response to Brad Littlejohn (matthewtuininga.wordpress.com)
- Our ascent to Christ or Christ’s descent to us? (reformedreader.wordpress.com)
- What does Scripture say about government’s responsibility to the poor? Thoughts from John Calvin. (matthewtuininga.wordpress.com)