From the 18th Dynasty (c. 1580 BCE) to the Roman era Egyptian tombs usually contained papyrus scrolls bearing texts designed to make it easier to enter into a pleasing afterlife. Manually copied texts, traceable to the Coffin Texts and the Pyramid Texts, vary somewhat in content but certain key elements are always present.
In essence, the Egyptian Book of the Dead contains a stunning diversity of Egyptian creation and afterlife mythology, cosmology, ethics, rituals, hymns, prayers, spells and incantations. Some copies include illustrations of the funerary scene and depictions of the afterlife—for instance, Horus weighing a recently deceased person’s heart on scales to determine the good or bad quality of their afterlife.
- Rare Egyptian ‘Book of the Dead’ scrolls found in Australian collection (rawstory.com)
- Fragments of Book of the Dead found in Brisbane (abc.net.au)
- News & World Events – Re: Rare Egyptian scrolls found in Australian collection (disclose.tv)
- The Ancient Egyptian Negative Confessions and Cuisine (dianabuja.wordpress.com)
- Ancient Scripts of Egypt: An Introduction (graecomuse.wordpress.com)