John Hick

The Fall depicted in the Sistine Chapel by Mic...
The Fall depicted in the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo via Wikipedia

John Hick (1922-) is a British philosopher of religion who notes that the monotheistic belief in a wholly other godhead runs throughout the history of the Jewish and Christian traditions.

According to Hick, the idea of a wholly other godhead is characterized by the following attributes:

  1. Infinite and self existent
  2. Eternal
  3. The sole creator of all creation
  4. Regarded as a personal being
  5. Loving and good
  6. Holy

In his early years Hick was an evangelical fundamentalist. He is well known for his work on the problem of evil or, as it’s called in philosophical and theological circles, theodicy.

Recently, Hick’s work advocates religious pluralism. Hick is probably right in saying that cultural influences have an effect on religious truth claims. But it would be entirely unwarranted to assume an equivalence of religious experience among different religions or, for that matter, among individuals within a given religion.

Moreover, some individuals encounter not just one type but several different types of religious experience within their lifetime.

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