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Hindus believe the self or soul (atman) repeat...

Hindus believe the self or soul (atman) repeatedly takes on a physical body via Wikipedia

In Hinduism the jiva (Sanskrit: “to live”) refers to the individual soul living in a mortal body, subject to the laws of karma.

In contrast to the atman, which has the potential to fully join with the brahman (i.e. ultimate reality), the jiva makes distinctions between subject and object. Because of its dualistic perspective, the jiva is often likened to the psychoanalytic concept of the ego.

In Jainism the jiva is simply a living substance, inherent to all organisms, that carries on after physical death.

On this point, however, Ninian Smart notes that in

Jainism there is a fundamental distinction between life-monads (jivas) and non-living, material world (ajiva)—the latter incl. human and other organic bodies.¹

¹ See A Dictionary of Comparative Religion, ed. S. G. F. Brandon (1971), p. 376.

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