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Proclus

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Lycia-46

Lycia-46: Phoebe Luckyn-Malone

Proclus (410-85 CE) was an influential Neoplatonist philosopher born in Lycia who moved to Athens for the remainder of his life.

Modern writers often call him the last of the so-called classical Greek philosophers.

His works include extensive commentaries on Plato’s dialogues and on Euclid’s Elements of Geometry. He also wrote two major treatises: The Elements of Theology and The Platonic Theology.

Like his better known predecessor, Plotinus, Proclus attempts to combine the Platonic notion of the ideal Forms with Aristotle’s concept of a prime, unmoved Mover (i.e. the first cause of all creation).

His particular synthesis of Platonic and Aristotelian systems culminates in the theory that an overall, divine action coordinates all cosmic elements as the soul embarks on a journey back to the One from which it originally emanated.

Due to the non-Christian aspects of his teaching, the emperor Justinian closed Proclus’ school at Athens after it had survived for nine centuries.

But the Church authorities couldn’t suppress his ideas indefinitely. Considerable interest in his work reappeared during the medieval and renaissance periods.

» Platonism

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