As the god of romantic love he is praised in Hesiod‘s hymns as the most beautiful of all the gods. In popular myth and classical art he’s depicted as shooting arrows of love into the hearts of soon-to-be lovers. The Orphic mystery cults deemed his creative powers great enough to regard him as the creator of the world. Hesiod wrote that Eros sprung from Chaos, representing instinctual, sexual and creative energy.
Sigmund Freud hypothesized a general life instinct which he called eros, in contrast to an opposing death insinct, thanatos (Greek = death). C. S. Lewis and many others use the term eros to describe emotional romantic love as opposed to Agape, or selfless love.
Plato used the term eros to signify a desire to seek the transcendental beauty of the eternal Forms, which is partially recognized in particular instances within this changing world of becoming.
Eros is paralleled by the Roman god Cupid and in Latin is Amor.
- Cupid, aka Eros, has long history (fromlifeidletolifefantastic.wordpress.com)
- Psyche (wellheregoes.wordpress.com)
- Eros Most Dizzying (sensualblissvoyager.wordpress.com)
- Eros Love (akissofbliss.wordpress.com)
- Notes on Eros and Civilization (kimquilo.wordpress.com)
- The Metaphysics of Romantic Love (exlaodicea.wordpress.com)
Id [das Es (German) translated to the id (Latin); the "it" (English)]
In Sigmund Freud‘s psychoanalysis, the id is a supposedly instinctual reservoir of disordered unconscious drives – a “cauldron full of seething excitations” – that’s present at birth.
Freud believed that people are driven by two conflicting central desires: the life drive (libido or Eros) (survival, propagation, hunger, thirst, and sex) and the death drive. The death drive was also termed “Thanatos”, although Freud did not use that term; “Thanatos” was introduced in this context by Paul Federn.¹
Charles Rycroft, A Critical Dictionary of Psychoanalysis, Harmondsworth: Penguin 1977, p. 66.
- Jung, Carl Gustav (earthpages.wordpress.com)
- “Religious doctrines are all illusions” or the very best bits from Sigmund Freud (beinghuman.blogs.fi)
- What is the specialized of sigmund freud (wiki.answers.com)
- Possible Thesis Angles (thesiswhereyoudontpanic.wordpress.com)
- Freud against Freud on sexuality and abnormality (aaronasphar.wordpress.com)
- Great essay by Richard Shapiro “The Psychoanalysis of Philosophy: Towards the Eroticization of Logos” (aaronasphar.wordpress.com)
- What are the example of conscious by sigmund freud (wiki.answers.com)
- Psychology vs.. Sociolgy (socyberty.com)
- 3 Facts You Might Not Know about Freud and His Biggest Addiction (psychcentral.com)
- Sigmund Freud by Pamela Thurschwell (thesiswhereyoudontpanic.wordpress.com)