In mythology Venus is the Roman parallel to the Greek Aphrodite. But Venus is somewhat more subdued than Aphrodite.
Venus is a goddess of seduction and, in one set of rites and myths, she is associated with Roman wine fesitvals (Vinalia). In this festival she’s seen as a mediator between Jupiter and the Roman people.
She is also the mother of Aeneas, who according to the poet Vergil, is the founder of Rome. In a sense, then, Venus was regarded as the mother of Rome.
But she was no chaste mother. Her name literally means sex, and she was the lover of Mars, who with the mortal Rhea Silva begat the twin brothers Romulus and Remus.
Since Rome was named after Romulus, who after disposing of Remus became the first ruler of Rome, Venus plays a kind of dual role in the founding of Rome. As such, she was given a sacred solemnity among the Romans that Aphrodite never enjoyed among the Greeks.
Venus’ first known temple was built shortly after 295 BCE. And despite New Age and Jungian attempts to treat her as some kind of pristine archetype, and others’ attempts to link her to the Vedic term for desire, her historical roots remain obscure.
However, her character did develop, as most mythic entities do, in step with the sociopolitical changes in Rome. The influential aristocrat Sulla called her his “Protectress” and, by the time of the Roman Empire, Venus was incorporated into the official pantheon.
In astronomy Venus is the second planet from our sun. Due to its brightness, Venus looks like a star and is called the “morning star” or “evening star.” Venus is also the hottest planet in the solar system. It’s not the closest but its composition contributes to its high heat.