Search Results for Zeus
Zeus The son of the Titan Cronus and Titaness Rhea, Zeus is the chief of the second generation Greek gods, usually arrayed with thunderbolts and an eagle.
By the time of Homer he came to be the most powerful deity in the Greek pantheon, his main role role being the overseer of cosmic justice. As such, he protects property, receives prayers and sacrifices, and punishes transgressors.
Because he was so big, he ironically had a relative few polis festivals (i.e. city festivals) in his honor. Polis festivals were generally reserved for lesser deities presiding over a particular city, such as Athena or Apollo.
Zeus had numerous offspring with several different goddesses, the most famous being Aphrodite.
He apparently had amorous relations with his young male cup-bearer, Ganymedes.
The mythologer Robert Graves says
The Zeus-Ganymedes myth gained immense popularity in Greece and Rome because it afforded religious justification for grown man’s passionate love for a boy.
The Greek Myths, Combined edition, London: Penguin, 1992, p. 117.
According to NeoPlatonist thought, Zeus isn’t at the top of the all-time divinity charts. Instead, the NeoPlatonists lowered his status from his previous rank of King.
Zeus’ Roman equivalent is Jupiter.
» Aesculapius, Aliens and Extraterrestrials (ETs), Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Castor and Pollux, Demeter, Dionysus, Dyaus, Fates, God, Hera, Hercules, Hermes, Hesiod, Jupiter, Muses, Odin, Olympians, Orphic Mysteries, Persephone, Poseidon, Romeo and Juliet, Shapeshifter, Titans, Tyche
Add to this, report errors, suggest edits or voice your opinion by posting a comment
He’s often depicted as brutal, violent and merciless, but not invulnerable. He often returns to Olympia after battle complaining of his war wounds. To this Zeus responds with ambivalence, not only about war but about his feelings for Ares:
Then looking at him darkly Zeus who gathers the clouds spoke to him:
‘Do not sit beside me and whine, you double-faced liar.
To me you are the most hateful of all gods who hold Olympos.
Forever quarrelling is dear to your heart, wars and battles.
And yet I will not long endure to see you in pain, since
you are my child, and it was to me that your mother bore you.
But were you born of some other god and proved so ruinous
long since you would have been dropped beneath the gods of the bright sky.”¹
- PANTHEON OF THE DEAD: Greek Gods and marriage (tiggerrenewing.wordpress.com)
- The Twelve Olympians (aaronvergult.wordpress.com)
- When in Rome, Do the Romans: A Chat (sickpuppiescomedy.wordpress.com)
- Gods and mythological creatures in The Iliad in Ancient art (oup.com)
- Blog #2 (thejuggernaut61.wordpress.com)
- Vermont Kisses Ares’ Ass (dissidentvoice.org)
- The empire (bookofangels.wordpress.com)
- Girls Go to College… Boys Go to Jupiter… (cachonicole.wordpress.com)
- Project 3 (jcog94.wordpress.com)
- The seed of a garden (bookofangels.wordpress.com)
In Greek mythology Apollo (also called Phoebus) is the twin brother of Artemis, born of Zeus and the Titaness Leto.
He is associated with strength, order, youthfulness, light, beauty and reason, as opposed to the emotional and sometimes drug-induced frenzies relating to Dionysius.
Apollo’s chief temple and oracle was at Delphi, over which the expression, “Know Thyself” was inscribed. He obtained the rights to this temple by first killing Pytho, a serpent guarding it. There he allegedly spoke through a priestess known as the Pythia. Some believe the Pythia’s prophecies were induced by gasses (possibly methane) that naturally emerged at the site, causing her to go into a trance and speak fantasies or wisdom, depending on how you look at it.
Recent geological investigations have shown that gas emissions from a geologic chasm in the earth could have inspired the Delphic Oracle to “connect with the divine.” Some researchers suggest the possibility that ethylene gas caused the Pythia’s state of inspiration. However, Lehoux argues that ethylene is “impossible” and benzene is “crucially underdetermined.” Others argue instead that methane might have been the gas emitted from the chasm, or CO2 and H2S, arguing that the chasm itself might have been a seismic ground rupture, The idea that the Pythia spoke gibberish which was interpreted by the priests and turned into poetic iambic pentameter has been challenged by scholars such as Joseph Fontenrose and Lisa Maurizio, who argue that the ancient sources uniformly represent the Pythia speaking intelligibly, and giving prophecies in her own voice.¹
Said to create and stop plagues, Apollo was also worshipped by the Etruscans, as indicated by his statue at Veii. At Rome he was venerated as a god of healing.
Fittingly enough, NASA named one of its most successful space programs after him. From 1969 to the 1970s, Apollo, like the rational and powerful god he was once believed to be, took mankind to the moon and back—not once but several times. The lunar landing of July 20th 1969 saw Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin take the first historic steps. Some have tried to refute this achievement, saying the moon landings were a cleverly orchestrated hoax. But these claims seem spurious.
Apollo is also the name of small asteroids crossing the Earth’s orbit. In 1991 an Apollo asteroid came within 170,000 km of Earth, the nearest observed asteroid known to mankind.
- Cartoon: The Delphic Oracle (englishblog.com)
- Rediscovered Apollo data gives first measure of how fast moon dust piles up (phys.org)
- Rediscovered Apollo data gives first measure of how fast moon dust piles up (eurekalert.org)
- Apollo 13 – Exploration of the score (pwcotter.wordpress.com)
- Apollo (sorcerersskull.blogspot.com)
The Aesir are the earliest race of Teutonic gods, chief of whom was Odin.
The pantheon included Thor, Tiu, Balder, Bragi (inspirer of poetry), Vidar (lord of silence), Hoder (a blind deity who killed Balder), Hermod (a sacred messenger), Hoenir, Odnir, Loki (a trickster god) and Vali (Odin’s last son).
The group held daily councils under the world tree, Yggdrassil, and collectively dwelled in Asgard. Each deity, however, occupied their own particular region, Odin’s being Valhalla.
Another early race of Scandanavian gods, the Vanir, were in perpetual conflict with the Aesir but the two groups eventually merged. Although the Aesir and the Vanir became an extended family, as it were, the latter assumed the appellation of the former.
Related Posts » Ragnarok
Aesculapius was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek myth. Some believe he was a Greek citizen around 1200 BCE who, like Heracles, became deified.
In Homer‘s Illiad he is described as “the blameless physician.” His cult was centered in Epidaurus and emphasized cure through a prototype of contemporary psychoanalysis.
The poets Hesiod and Pindar speak of Aesculapius as the son of Zeus and Corona. In Epiduarian myth, his mother Corona dies while he is an infant. A Messenian variant, however, says Aesculapius’ mother is Arsinoe and other accounts claim that he is the son of Apollo.
Regardless of his ambiguous parentage, Aesculapius’ fame grew until he became the god of medicine and healing.
According to Greek legend, he was educated by the centaur Chiron. And while in hell he raised a dead person, Hippolytus, to life. This vexed Zeus who retaliated by killing Aesculapius with a thunderbolt.
Although illness in ancient Greece was often attributed to the displeasure of the gods and goddesses, it could nevertheless be cured by divine mercy. The afflicted entered a sacred chamber and allowed visionary or “incubated” dreams to guide them towards health.
The postmodern thinker Michel Foucault saw this type of dream incubation as an ancient precursor the psychoanalytic couch.
- Affirmation: “With each step’s lesson I gain wisdom of medicine, healing, and rejuvenation.” (completehealthcircle.com)
- Great Myths and Greek Legend: The Mighty Gods and Goddesses (greece.answers.com)
- Diana Nemorensis: Origins of the Legend (nemitonottingham.wordpress.com)
- Zeus and Hera: History of the Ancient Greek Gods (history.answers.com)
Cyclops [Greek cyclops: round-eyed] – In Greek mythology, the Cyclopes are one-eyed giants, often employed as smiths and associated with volcanoes.
The cyclops appear in several ancient literature sources. In Homer‘s Odyssey, the Cyclops Polyphemus is tricked and eventually blinded by Odysseus. In anger Polyphemus tries to destroy Odysseus’ crew by tossing huge rocks at their ship during their narrow escape.
Although they have one eye, the cyclops should not be confused with the Asian idea of the “third eye” or, for that matter, with the Christian idea of the “single eye.”¹ Not to say that these ideas are identical. They’re not. The Hindu Siva, for example, burns his enemies to ashes with a heat ray that emanates from this third eye.² By way of contrast, Jesus Christ never advocates this kind of violence. Even if they’re not the same, these two images of the single eye, Hindu and Christian, do share the connotation of some kind of privileged spiritual perspective.
By way of contrast, Wikipedia says this about the cyclops:
They were giants with a single eye in the middle of their forehead and a foul disposition. According to Hesiod, they were strong, stubborn, and “abrupt of emotion”. Collectively they eventually became synonyms for brute strength and power, and their name was invoked in connection with massive masonry.³
This clearly isn’t about spiritual insight. However, the cyclops do fashion thunderbolts (as weapons) for Zeus’ purposes. But they’re just the tool makers. It’s Zeus who decides how his thunderbolts should be used in the cosmic battleground.
² Many Hindus, of course, would argue that Siva’s death ray is only aimed at the inferior deities, these symbolizing the inferior aspects of the self. An excellent book about Siva in Hindu mythology is Siva: The Erotic Ascetic by Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty http://books.google.ca/books/about/Siva.html?id=dnfZ_MBErlQC&redir_esc=y
- Blinded Cyclops Robot Dance by Alex S. Johnson (imperialyouthreview.wordpress.com)
- A Few Etruscan Tombs (raxacollective.wordpress.com)
- Violent Books. (deangroom.wordpress.com)
- Cyclops’ Cat, Illustration of the Superhero Cyclops Using His Optic Beam as a Cat Toy (laughingsquid.com)
- The Wamogossey-A Freshman’s Modern Odyssey in the Style of Homer (usedbooksinclass.com)
- Alien Ocular Accessories – Wear a Geeky Cyclops Eye Mask to Conceal Your Eyes (TrendHunter.com) (trendhunter.com)
- Singer Promises “Epic” “X-Men: Days of Future Past” (spinoff.comicbookresources.com)
- Examining Flowers’ Influence in Mythology (proflowers.com)
Also known as the Dioscuri, the Greek Kastor and Polydeuces figure in classical myth. The Roman Castor and Pollux are believed to have intervened in the battle of Regillus in 484 BCE , and recent temple excavations support this claim.¹
As the twin sons of Leda, they are often honored among the pagan gods at Sparta and Rome,² and represented on horseback. As Zeus‘ child, Pollux was immortal and an outstanding boxer.
Castor was the offspring of Tyndareus, mortal and an excellent horseman. At Castor’s death, Pollux beseeched Zeus to grant Castor immortality as he could not bear the thought of separation.
Zeus transformed them both into the constellation Gemini (the Twins). They appear as St. Elmo’s Fire to aid seafarers, and appeared in the New Testament as the image on a grain ship that carried Paul from Malta to Puteoli ³ (Acts 28:11).
And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux.4
¹ Oxford Classical Dictionary, 1999, p. 303.
² Maas, Georgia S.. “Castor and Pollux.” Oxford Reference. Oxford University Press. . n.d. Web. 23 Oct. 2012. http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195170726.001.0001/acref-9780195170726-e-217.
³ Eerdmans Bible Dictionary, 1987, p. 1024.
- Moon, twin stars, two planets greet early morning risers (earthsky.org)
- Castor and Pollux (themirrorobscura.com)
- Castor and Pollux at ENO (intermezzo.typepad.com)
- At last – massive online discounts for ENO Castor & Pollux (intermezzo.typepad.com)
In astrological belief Capricorn (December 22-January 21) [Latin caper: goat + cornu: horn] is the 10th sign of the zodiac. It’s symbolized by the Goat and associated with the planetary ruler of Saturn.
Capricorn’s astrological element is Earth. Believers maintain that Capricorn is the organizational person. Practical, regular, and at times doggedly stubborn, Capricorn’s apparently get things done and do them well. They achieve whatever they see as important, be it in battle, business or public service.
Notable Capricorns are Joan of Arc, Martin Luther King, Jr., Elvis Presley and the American radio host and actor Howard Stern.
In astronomy Capricornus is the Sea Goat, a large but faint constellation located between Sagittarius and Aquarius. Wikipedia outlines some of Capricorn’s ancient mythological associations:
Despite its faintness, Capricornus has one of the oldest mythological associations, having been consistently represented as a hybrid of a goat and a fish since the Middle Bronze Age. First attested in depictions on a cylinder-seal from around the 21st century BC, it was explicitly recorded in the Babylonian star catalogues as MULSUḪUR.MAŠ “The Goat-Fish” before 1000 BC. The constellation was a symbol of the god Ea and in the Early Bronze Age marked the winter solstice...
In Greek mythology, the constellation is sometimes identified as Amalthea, the goat that suckled the infant Zeus after his mother Rhea saved him from being devoured by his father Cronos (in Greek mythology). The goat’s broken horn was transformed into the cornucopia or horn of plenty. Capricornus is also sometimes identified as Pan, the god with a goat’s head, who saved himself from the monster Typhon by giving himself a fish’s tail and diving into a river. †
- Moon shines over Sea-Goat on August 29 (earthsky.org)
- Capricornus? Here’s your constellation (earthsky.org)
- USPS Star Calendar for 21-27 October (uspsstargazer.wordpress.com)
- Beauty For Your Sign: Capricorn (Dec 22 – Jan 19) (bellasugar.com)
- Gorgeous Landscape Photography: Tropic of Capricorn (steamboatfriday.wordpress.com)
- About Capricorn “Goat-horned” (The Sea-goat) Man (socyberty.com)
- Cancer (astrology) (earthpages.wordpress.com)
The celebrated Romanian scholar of religion Mircea Eliade suggests a linguistic relation among the Indo-European noun deiwos (“sky”) and terms denoting a deity (Lat. deus, Skt. deva, Iran div as well as names of the primary gods: Dyaus, Zeus and Jupiter).
Eliade and G. Parrinder suggest that the idea of deity is usually related to transcendence and light, this often having paternal connotations—e.g. God “the Father.”
Non-Christian examples of a paternal theme relating to a deity are found in the Indian Dyauspitar, Greek Zeus Pater, Latin Jupiter, Scythian Zeus-Papaios and the Thaco-Phrygian Zeus-Pappos.