An ancient city with archaeological ruins located in Turkey.
According to Homer’s Illiad, it was attacked by the Greeks for ten years, commonly known as the Trojan war. In a space of 4000 years the city was rebuilt nine times.
For many years Troy was thought to be a mythical place, along the same lines as Atlantis. But in the 1870′s its ruins were discovered by Heinrich Schliemann.
Sadly, Schliemann’s excavations did much damage to the ancient site. As the Wikipedia entry about him notes:
His career began before archaeology developed as a professional field, and so, by present standards, the field technique of Schliemann’s work leaves a lot to be desired. Thinking that Homeric Troy must be in the lowest level, he dug hastily through the upper levels.†
Michael Wood‘s In Search of the Trojan War, an investigation into the myth and archaeology of Troy, is available on DVD and highly recommended. » Achilles, Aphrodite, Atlantis, Cayce (Edgar), Homer, Illiad, Projection
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