Alexander the Great
Alexander The Great (356-323 BCE)
Third Macedonian king from 336-323 BCE, born in Pella as the son of Philip II and conqueror of most of the old world, including Egypt and Greece.
Tutored by Aristotle, in Egypt he founded the city of Alexandria.
After consulting an oracle of Ammon, he was convinced that his formidable abilities derived from divine power–that is, he felt chosen.
After seizing the capitals of Babylon, Susa, Persepolis and Ecbatana, in the following three years he took the eastern part of the empire and in 327 BCE set his sights on India.
He took the Punjab but his overburdened troops mutinied, leaving him no choice but to retreat. Soon after he died in Babylon.
At the height of his fame, Alexander rose in popularity to the point of nearly being hailed as a god.
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